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The Cultivation of Olives

From the old years up until today, olive cultivation has been an important agricultural profession for the residents of Delikipos, since they have been in this type of cultivation for years. What is noteworthy is that there are some age-long olive trees in Delikipos which, as Karouzis distinctively remarks, constitute remains of the Venetian occupation.

Caring for the ground, pruning the olive trees and collecting the olives are some of the most important tasks that the olive cultivators of Delikipos have to perform.  

Treating the ground is a particularly important task since it constitutes a prerequisite for the preparation of the ground. In particular, olive cultivators make sure that the ground is enriched with nutritious elements and freed from weeds.  

Another equally important task is pruning, which contributes to the productivity of the olive trees and which takes place either at the beginning of spring or during the harvest. In particular, pruning involves the removal of unnecessary branches so that only the fruit-baring ones will remain on the tree.

Proper irrigation of the olive trees and not frequent watering is crucial both for the increase of the production and the quality of the olives. Irrigation is important for the fructification of the olive trees mainly during the efflorescence period, this being the spring months.

The harvest period lasts from the end of October until the end of February. The traditional method for the collection of olives involves beating the tree with a wooden stick in order to make the olives fall to the ground. Then the olives fall on the huge sheets that are placed under the trees beforehand and the villagers collect the olives and place them in corves or cases so that they can easily be transferred.

Apart from the traditional method of multiplying the olive trees, there is also another method of multiplication which is called grafting and which involves the attachment of an olive branch to another tree. What is worth mentioning is that after planting the olive tree, it takes at least three years before it produces any olives.

 

Source:

Ionas Ioannis, Traditional Cyprus Professions, Nicosia, 2001, p.487-497

Giorgos Karouzis, Strolling around Cyprus, Larnaca, City and District, Nicosia 2007, p.100-101

 

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